Sustainable Packaging

In the packagingrecycle-1323775-m industry, sustainability is an incredibly important practice. Sourcing materials responsibly, producing to reduce and reuse waste, and transporting goods by means of renewable energy can make a big difference to a company’s impact on the environment. Saving energy and resources can even save your company valuable time and money.

The Sustainable Packaging Coalition (SPC) is a major voice in the world of sustainability. Headed by GreenBlue (a nonprofit focused on product sustainability), the SPC aims “…to build packaging systems that encourage economic prosperity and a sustainable flow of materials.” They hold ongoing discussions on the many facets of environmental health, offer guidelines for renewable design, and educate developers and consumers on what resources and tools are available to them in order to contribute to a healthier world.

The SPC has played a large role in defining what exactly sustainable packaging even is–according to their page, “[the SPC’s Definition of Sustainable Packaging] has been widely adopted throughout the packaging industry.” This definition states that sustainable packaging:

  • Is beneficial, safe & healthy for individuals and communities throughout its life cycle
  • Meets market criteria for performance and cost
  • Is sourced, manufactured, transported, and recycled using renewable energy
  • Optimizes the use of renewable or recycled source materials
  • Is manufactured using clean production technologies and best practices
  • Is made from materials healthy throughout the life cycle
  • Is physically designed to optimize materials and energy
  • Is effectively recovered and utilized in biological and/or industrial closed loop cycles

The SPC’s big vision is to create a “…closed loop system for all packaging.” Ecologists define a closed loop as a system “…that does not exchange matter with the outside world.” Where materials and energy would otherwise be thrown away and wasted, a closed loop system would look to repurpose them. Systems approaching a closed loop don’t just benefit the environment: they also save money in production. Energy and materials that can be repurposed instead of wasted should be seen as an opportunity to save the environment, time, resources, and money.

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What is Fair Trade?

Fairtrade

In your time spent as a consumer, you’ve probably seen items labeled ‘fair trade,’ or ‘fair trade certified.’ You likely have a general idea of what this means; that one thing is being traded for another, and the terms of doing so are fair for everyone involved. What is it specifically, though, that makes something fair trade?

At its core, fair trade is an idea. It allows producers in developing countries to sell their products at a fair price, helps to keep their products sustainable, and makes sure their workers are being treated fairly. It’s a sort of partnership which aims to make sure that no one is being taken advantage of.

One of the main groups supporting this idea is the World Fair Trade Organization. Here are their 10 Principles of Fair Trade:

  • Create opportunities for economically disadvantaged producers, which helps to increase quality of life and reduce poverty in their region
  • Transparency and accountability with management, commercial dealings, employees, and producers.
  • Fair trading practices, always keeping in mind the well-being of the producers (socially, economically, and environmentally).
  • Payment of a fair price, which has been agreed upon mutually.
  • Ensuring no child and/or forced labor.
  • Non discrimination in regards to things such as race, religion, sexual orientation, or disability.
  • Good working conditions; the producer must maintain a healthy and safe environment for its workers.
  • Providing capacity building (helping employees, management, etc. to develop their skills).
  • Promoting fair trade.
  • Respect for the environment, maximizing the use of sustainable materials, buying locally, reducing energy consumption, and more.

In addition to fair trade being an idea, products can also be fair trade certified by groups such as Fairtrade International (a non-profit organization). There are different sorts of standards which vary depending upon your role in the process (if you are a producer, you are subject to different standards than the buyer).

In order to obtain certification, there is a list of mandatory criteria that needs to be met and upheld, such as purchasing at a minimum price and keeping their dealings transparent. If the company meets all of the necessary standards, they may apply for a license. This allows them to put the fairtrade certification mark on their product. Companies using this mark will be audited annually, making sure they are still in compliance with all fair trade standards.

Products that can be fair trade certified include: bananas, cocoa, coffee, cotton, flowers, fresh fruit, honey, gold, juices, rice, spices and herbs, sports balls, sugar, tea, wine, and certain composite products (products that contain more than one ingredient).

*Some people take issue with fairtrade in practice; this topic will be covered at a later date.